Victoria Palace was designed by professor Duiliu Marcu (1885-1966),
student of the Bucharest Superior School of Architecture (1906) and of Paris Ecole de Beaux –
Arts (diplomat in 1912). After a first period of activity, complying in the beginning with the
formulas of the French academic trend, afterwards with those of Neo- Romanian style, Duiliu Marcu
joined the modern trend in the ‘30s, becoming one of its main representatives in Romania.
As of mid ‘30s, Duiliu March designed some important public buildings – Superior School of War,
Victoria Palace, Palace of the Railway General Directorate –not as isolated buildings, but as parts
of some urban assemblies. The architect education on the one hand, the official destination of
these buildings and the political and cultural – architectural context of that moment on the other hand,
justified his choice of monumental order and simplified neoclassical language.
Works at Victoria Palace started in 1937 and finished in 1944. Owing to the damage brought by 1944 bombing,
the works started again and were finalized in 1952. Initially designed to be
headquarters of the Foreign Ministry, Victoria Palace was the headquarters of
Foreign Ministry and Council of Ministers during the Communist period and became in 1990,
headquarters of the first Government of post – communist Romania. In 2004,
Victoria Palace entered the list of historical monuments.